Dementia is not a normal part of aging. It is a disease. Nearly 48 million people living with dementia and dementia related diseases throughout the world. About 5% of people between the ages of 65–74 have dementia, 20% between 75 and 84 and nearly half of those over 85 years of age. The total estimated worldwide cost of dementia is nearly US$900 billion in 2018. By 2020, the global cost of dementia will rise above a US$1.5 trillion. Dementia is caused when the brain is damaged by diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease or a series of strokes. It becomes more common with age. Many diseases can cause dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, Lewy Body disease, head trauma, fronto-temporal dementia, Parkinson’s disease, and Huntington’s disease etc.Read More
The most common type of dementia is Alzheimer's disease, which makes up 50% to 70% of cases. Memory problems are typically one of the first signs of Alzheimer’s, though initial symptoms may vary from person to person. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a condition that can be an early sign of Alzheimer’s.Read More
This session covers the topics on Causes, Subcortical dementia, Cerebral amyloid angiopathy, stroke, Diabetes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, clinical trials, care practice etc of vascular dementia.Read More
According to recent studies, people who have sustained a traumatic brain injury have a higher risk of developing dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. More research is needed to find what happens during a TBI and how severe brain injury leads to dementia, what other factors play a role etc. Read More
Caring for older people with multiple health problems can be tricky, even for healthcare professionals who specialize in GERIATRICS, the medical care of older adults. Behavioural symptoms in patients with neurodegenerative diseases can be particularly challenging for caregivers. Recent studies show that, most of the physicians were unaware of cognitive impairment in more than 40 percent of their cognitively impaired patients. Read More
Amyloid-beta (Aβ) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. Amyloid is a general term for protein fragments that the body produces normally. In a healthy brain, these protein fragments are broken down and eliminated. In Alzheimer's disease, the fragments accumulate to form hard, insoluble plaques. Read More
In 2017, there are nearly 960 million people aged 60 or over in the world. This will be increased to 2 billion in 2050. As the population grows older, age-related diseases such as dementia and Alzheimer’s will increases. The greatest challenge facing us as we age is the prevention of physical disability and the extension of "active life expectancy." Human societies will need to develop mechanisms and social practices in the future to minimise or mitigate social detachment. This session includes, Neurodegenerative diseases, HIV links with Dementia, advance research in ageing and dementia, Epidemiology, Prevention etc. Read More
Neurorehabilitation as a form of treatment for neurologic disorders was considered neurological physical therapy. Neuro rehabilitation helps to create a new way of living so that an affected individual is able to live and work as normally as possible. Neurological rehabilitation clearly needs to take into account not only the disability but also the particular handicap for the individual, while bearing in mind that some of the social and physical barriers depend on societal attitudes and the physical environment and may be outside the control of the rehabilitation team. Some of the conditions that may benefit from neurological rehabilitation may include Vascular disorders, Infections, Structural or neuromuscular disorders, Functional disorders, Degenerative disorders, such as Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer disease. Read More
Depression is a mental health disorder characterised by persistently depressed mood or loss of interest in activities, causing significant impairment in daily lifeRead More
Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that have an effect on predominately dopamine-producing (“dopaminergic”) neurons in a specific area of the brain called substantia nigra. Symptoms normally develop slowly over years. The development of symptoms is often different from one person to another due to the diversity of the disease. People with Parkinson’ may experience: Tremor, mainly at rest and described as pill rolling tremor in hands. Other forms of tremor are possible Bradykinesia, Limb rigidity, Gait and balance problems.
Neurosurgery or neurological surgery, is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgery and rehabilitation of neurological disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.
Mental health will be delineated as our emotional, psychological and social well-being. It affects how a person feels, think and act. It helps to determine how a person handles stress. If someone experience any mental health problems their thinking, mood and behaviour is affected. Many factors contribute to mental health disorders, including: Genetic factors, Trauma or abuse, Family history of mental health problems.
Suicidal thoughts is thinking about or having an preoccupation/prepossession with suicide. The range of these ideation may vary from fleeting thoughts, to extensive thoughts, to planning in detail and incomplete attempts, which may be deliberately constructed to not complete or to be discovered or may be intended fully intended which results in death, but the person survives. Suicidal ideation is generally associated with depression, stress and other mood disorders. However, Suicidal thoughts may have association with many other mental disorders.
Sleep disorders or Somnipathy is a medical conditions that affect the sleep pattern of a person on a regular basis. Some sleep disorders are so serious that they may interfere with normal physical, mental, social and emotional functioning. Most people experience sleeping problems due to stress, busy schedule and other outside influences. Sleep problems including sleep apnea, insomnia, sleep deprivation, restless legs syndrome are common.
A stroke is a condition which occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients. Within few minutes, brain cells starts to die. There are two main types of stroke: ischemic, due to lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic, due to bleeding. They result in part of the brain not functioning properly.
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